Toothache can be of different etiologies. It indicates damage to the tooth itself, periodontal tissue, gums, and also is a symptom of a number of diseases not related to the state of the oral cavity. For the correct and effective treatment, you need to clearly identify the causes of the appearance of toothache. Amoxicillin is effectively used with the aim to get rid of the dental infection. Find out how it can help if you suffer from the dental infection.
Rinses with penicillin and lincomycin are quick and effective. Tablets of gramicidin, vilprafen, cifran, ciprolet A; injections of penicillins or cephalosporins. Locally, it is possible to use forlocaine. If there is pain under the tooth crown, stronger antibiotics are prescribed because this pain indicates an incorrect or poor quality treatment of a tooth hidden under the crown.
This means that either the non-sealed cavities of the tooth remained where the bacteria multiply, or the cyst develops under the tooth and destroys the tooth and the periodontal tissues. This is a serious complication and requires treatment in the maxillofacial surgeon.
The most commonly used groups of drugs include the following:
• Fluoroquinolones: From the list of fluoroquinolones, you can apply Cifran, Ciprolet on the basis of ciprofloxacin. They are prescribed after surgical treatment of oral diseases and complicated tooth extraction (after trauma, against periostitis, with multiple caries). It is important to remember that this group of drugs is not prescribed for children, pregnant and lactating. It helps ointment ofloxacin with an antibiotic fluoroquinolone group. It is used topically and not recommended to children under 18 and women during pregnancy and lactation.
• Macrolides: In the macrolide group, ecositrin is recognized as the best antibiotic. It preserves the normal flora of the body and is fatal only for pathogens. In addition to this drug, Vilprafen, Clarithromycin, Klerimed can be used.
• Cephalosporins: Antibiotics of the cephalosporin group - Sulcef, Hepacef, Cefazolin, Ceftriaxone - are used for severe complications of dental diseases, when the infection threatens to damage the bones.
• Tyrothricin: They are effective against aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Gramidine C has a local anti-inflammatory and bactericidal effects. Also, due to the increase in salivation at resorption, promotes the sanitation of the oral cavity from microbes. Among the aminoglycosides of this group with odontogenic infections, only gentamicin is used. Prerequisites - a protracted complicated inflammation, which threatens to develop into osteomyelitis.
If the inflammation is prolonged or the formation of pus begins, then preparations of the penicillin group - Amoxiclav, Amoxicillin, and Arlet are prescribed. Such drugs are used in the form of injections or orally. Amoxicillin is prescribed for toothache when it is caused by purulent-inflammatory processes in the gum, in the root of the tooth or soft tissues of the oral cavity.
In the composition, there are at once two active components - amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, which greatly extends its effect. With the right use, it removes inflammation and eliminates toothache. The drug will help if you keep in mind how to take it the right way. If an antibiotic is prescribed by a dentist, then he or she must give a schedule of treatment, dosage and duration of admission.
It is not necessary to change anything by yourself. In the same case, when the patient decides on such therapy without consulting a specialist, it is necessary at least to carefully study the instructions for use and follow recommendations.
In general, the intake of Amoxicillin requires the compliance with certain rules:
• Since the medication has many contraindications and side effects, it is necessary to pass tests beforehand to exclude renal or hepatic insufficiency, allergic reactions, dyskinesia of the gallbladder and other hidden diseases.
• Do not change the medication prescribed by your doctor yourself only from the calculation of the same active components.
• It is very important to precisely adhere to the time of taking antibiotics according to the instructions.
• Even if the symptoms of the disease have disappeared, you need to have the course to the end and do not stop it ahead of time.
• Strictly observe the dosage of the medicine, without reducing or increasing it. In each of these cases, negative consequences can be observed.
• As soon as possible, contact the dentist for help, as it is necessary to establish a hotbed of infection and correctly affect it, otherwise the disease will come back again or cause complications.
• Eliminate alcohol from the diet at the time of treatment, since no antibacterial agent should be taken with alcohol.
• Take medicine only with water. Do not use juices, teas, etc. It is also important that the amount of liquid is not less than a glass.
• With any allergic reactions to the drug, you must stop taking it and consult a doctor.
Amoxicillin is one of the most commonly used drugs in dentistry. Antibiotic is prescribed by dentists in case of the development of the patient's inflammatory process in order to stop it and prevent the occurrence of complications, for example, with periodontitis or osteomyelitis of the jaw. The need for antibiotic therapy arises after surgical operations, for example, when carrying out a resection of the apex of the tooth root, operation to remove the tooth.
In some cases, taking antibiotics can be prescribed as a prophylaxis of complications before surgery. Of course, with ordinary toothache, Amoxicillin is not prescribed. Painful sensations caused by banal caries are reduced with the help of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Amoxicillin with a toothache can be prescribed to a patient only if it is caused by pulpitis, but only a doctor can do this. With advanced caries, the disease spreads to the pulp - the dental nerve. In this case, the patient has a very strong pain in the tooth, which cannot be removed with anesthetics. Often, to eliminate pain and treat pulpitis you have to remove the dental nerve. But after that, the tooth will be already dead, it will be deprived of food by means of pulp and its useful life will be significantly reduced.
Therefore, dentists try to keep the pulp alive, if possible. For this, medicamental treatment of pulpitis with the use of antibiotics, in particular Amoxicillin, can be performed. But to choose and prescribe an antibiotic is the doctor's task, since it is a serious drug with a certain list of possible side effects.
How to take Amoxicillin the right way?
This should be determined by the doctor for each individual patient. The choice of treatment scheme depends on the patient's age, type of disease and neglect of the pathological process. As a rule, patients over 12 years of age are prescribed a three-time dose of 500 milligrams at a time. In difficult cases, the dose can be doubled or even tripled. But the maximum daily dose of Amoxicillin for an adult should not exceed 6 grams.
For children, the dose decreases at least twice:
• at the age of 5 to 10 years, a three-time administration of 250 milligrams of Amoxicillin is prescribed;
• children from 2 to 5 - 125 milligrams three times a day;
• up to 2 years of age the dose is calculated based on the weight of the baby: per kilogram of weight - 20 milligrams of the drug.
In addition to dosage, the doctor will tell you exactly how many days to take Amoxicillin. It is very important to take an antibiotic for exactly as many days as the treating doctor prescribes. If the course is not completed, not all harmful microorganisms can die and then the disease will develop with new strength, and the bacteria will become resistant to the drug. Typically, Amoxicillin treatment course may take from 5 to 12 days.