The main task of treating urinary tract infection is to eliminate the pathogen and suppress infectious inflammation. To do this task successfully, various antibacterial drugs are used. The choice of the optimal drug is not easy. However, there is such a drug as Amoxil (Amoxicillin) 250 or 500 mg, which is known as the effective medicine used to treat urinary tract infections. Find out how Amoxicillin works and which dosage you need to take in order to get rid of unpleasant disease that prevents from leading a normal life.
Every year, a huge number of patients, both adults and children, regardless of gender, face such a serious medical problem as a urinary tract infection. Women suffer from this infection much more often than men, but men with the development of urinary tract infections expect a tendency to a protracted and even severe course of the disease.
Urinary tract infections are inflammatory diseases of the urinary system of a person caused by infectious microorganisms that have a recurring course with possible complications. The urinary tract is a single set of organs for the formation of urine and its excretion from the body, this is a serious system of isolation, from the clear functioning of which depends not only the state of the human body, but also the patient's life in some cases (with acute renal failure).
Urinary tracts are formed from buds of the bean-shaped form (urine is formed in them), ureters (urine enters the bladder through them), urinary bladder (urine reservoir), urethra or urethra (urine release outwards).
Urinary tract plays an important role in maintaining the water-salt balance of the body, the production of a number of hormones (erythropoietin, for example), the release of a number of toxic substances from the body. For a day on average, up to 1.5-1.7 liters of urine is released, the amount of which can vary depending on the fluid, salt, urinary tract diseases.
Risk groups for urinary tract infections:
• Women: Women suffer from such infections 5 times more often than men, this is due to the physiological characteristics of the woman's body - a short and wide urethra, which makes infection easier to enter the urinary tract.
• Children up to 3 years of age (inferior immunity, in particular, infections of the excreting system are the most frequent cause of fever of unknown origin among boys up to 3 years old).
• The elderly due to the development of age-related immunodeficiency.
• Patients with structural features of the urinary system (for example, an enlarged prostate gland may obstruct the flow of urine from the bladder).
• Patients with renal pathology (for example, urolithiasis, in which stones are an additional risk factor for the development of infections).
• Resuscitation and intensive care patients (such patients are required for any period of time to urinate with a urinary catheter - this is the entrance gate of the infection).
• Patients with chronic diseases (for example, diabetes mellitus, in which there is a high risk of urinary tract infections by reducing the body's resistance).
• Women who use some methods of contraception (for example, diaphragmatic ring).
Factors predisposing to the occurrence of urinary tract infections are:
• hypothermia (the bulk of problems of this nature occurs in the cool season),
• presence of respiratory infection in the patient (there is a frequent activation of urological infections in the cold season),
• decreased immunity,
• violations of outflow of urine of different nature.
Pathogens causing urinary tract infections:
• E. coli (Escherichia coli). This causative agent is a representative of normal flora of the colon, and getting it into the urethra is mainly due to non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene. Also, the E. coli is almost always present on the external genitalia. 90% of all urinary tract infections are associated with the E. coli.
• Chlamydia and mycoplasmas are microorganisms that affect mainly the urethra and ducts of the reproductive system. They are transmitted mainly through sexual contact and affect the genitourinary system.
• Klebsiella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa may be the causative agent of urinary tract infections in children.
• Periodically there are streptococcus serogroups A and B.
Symptoms that are typical of urinary tract infections requiring treatment:
• pain, burning and rubbing when urinating;
• frequent urination;
• pain in the lower abdomen, in the lumbar region;
• pain in the suprapubic region in women;
• the temperature and symptoms of intoxication without the appearance of colds;
• discharge from the urethra mucopurulent;
• a change in the color of urine - becomes turbid, the appearance of mucus, flakes, veins of blood.
Amoxicillin is a very effective drug for the treatment of urinary tract infections. It is an antibiotic that helps fight infections, reducing the ability of bacteria to multiply. In most cases, specialists prescribe amoxicillin for the treatment of simple cases of urinary tract infections. If there are complications or a serious threat to the health of the patient, this drug is not effective enough.
In cases where the use of amoxicillin and other similar antibiotics is unreasonable, the patient may require hospitalization and treatment.
In most cases, amoxicillin is considered a reliable remedy for the treatment of simple cases of urinary tract infections. When it is said that a patient has a simple infection, it is usually understood that the patient is otherwise healthy and that the infection does not cause serious symptoms and does not affect other parts of the body.
Thus, with the help of Amoxil, mild or moderate severity of urinary tract infections can be cured, while infections that lead to kidney problems require the use of other means.
To ensure the effectiveness of amoxicillin in the treatment of urinary tract infections, it is important to take this antibiotic in strict accordance with the doctor's recommendations, i.e. on schedule and for the entire specified period. Often, people believe that it is permissible to stop taking the drug as soon as the symptoms begin to recede.
However, it is not. With the premature cessation of treatment, there is a possibility of repeated growth of bacteria, leading to an aggravation of the condition and the formation of antibiotic resistance in bacteria. When treating amoxicillin with urinary tract infections, doctors usually prescribe it in the form of tablets. You can take them with or without food, since food does not reduce their effectiveness. However, many patients take amoxil with food to avoid stomach upset, which can occur in some people when taking this medication on an empty stomach.
This drug belongs to the group of semisynthetic penicillin antibiotics with a wide range of action. It has bactericidal and antibacterial action. Amoxicillin is an acid-fast agent active against aerobic gram-positive bacteria. The drug has a high percentage of absorption (up to 93%). Gastric acid does not exert any effect on the active substance of this preparation. After taking the drug orally, its maximum concentration is reached after 1 hour. Out of the body is derived mainly through the kidneys in an unchanged form. This allows you to fight against infectious agents of inflammation in cystitis directly at the site of the disease.
The antibiotic destroys bacteria at the cellular level, preventing them from growing and multiplying. The drug begins to act after half an hour after taking, the effect persists for eight hours. Combining this drug with other drugs, you can expand the range of its action. The medicine is taken before or after a meal and must be taken with a liquid.
On average, adults are prescribed 500 mg 3 times a day, preferably at regular intervals. Children older than 10 years and weighing more than 40 kg prescribe the drug in the same dosage. Children are recommended to take medicines 3 times a day in the following dosage: 5-10 years old - 250 mg, 2-5 years old - 125 mg, up to 2 years old- 20 mg per 1 kg of weight.
The course of treatment is from 5 to 12 days. In severe cases of cystitis and other UTI, the daily dose may be slightly increased, but not more than 750-1000 mg. For the treatment of other diseases, its own methods and dosages can be used. Especially, it is necessary to be cautious to the people, suffering from the diseases connected with disturbance of work of kidneys, for them there is the schedule of reception of a medicine.
The duration of treatment with Amoxicillin and doses are set by the doctor depending on the age, weight, and clinical picture of the patient. Many people are interested in how many days it is necessary to take an antibiotic. The minimum course should be at least a week, the first results can appear after the day of admission, and a marked improvement in the patient's condition is usually observed already on the 3d-4th day.
If you take amoxicillin on an empty stomach, this can lead to irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, and prolonged use of this medication on an empty stomach can cause erosion on the mucosa. If the doctor prescribed a two-time tablet intake per day, then take the pill every 12 hours. If the reception is three times a day, the time between taking the tablets should be 8 hours.
You shouldn't violate this schedule, otherwise the concentration of the active component in the blood will not be constant, which will reduce the effectiveness of the treatment.
Amoxicillin during pregnancy is prescribed very widely, it is considered one of the safest antibiotics in the period of gestation. The possibility of outpatient treatment with this drug, taking it through the mouth, makes it a favorite medicine for microbial diseases in pregnant women. It does not affect the development of the baby and does not cause defects, but in itself, Amoxil is poorly tolerated even by healthy people and has many side effects, some of which are quite dangerous.
Taking amoxicillin during pregnancy, get ready for what will probably later need to treat thrush. Amoxicillin is an antibiotic of the penicillin series, and all penicillins are powerful allergens. Rash, bronchial asthma and even anaphylactic reactions when taking amoxicillin are quite possible, especially if you previously had problems with allergies.
Amoxicillin kills the normal intestinal microflora, and therefore, wait for abdominal pain, stool, bloating and flatulence. If you have chronic bowel diseases, for example, colitis, amoxicillin can not be taken at all. Amoxicillin affects the bone marrow, which can cause hematopoiesis.
An extremely rare complication of taking this drug, but a rarity does not make this complication less dangerous. And, although amoxicillin is considered a harmless drug that can be taken during pregnancy, in no case should one engage in self-targeting and self-medication. This is fraught with serious violations and dangers for the future of the baby. Of course, in the instructions you will find that this drug is undesirable during pregnancy. But do not worry, the doctor will prescribe these pills only if they do not harm you.